The Abrasive Engineering Society
   -- active in the manufacturing industry since 1957

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The World of Abrasives
Dedicated to promoting technical information about abrasives minerals and their uses including abrasives grains and products such as grinding wheels, coated abrasives and thousands of other related tools and products that serve manufacturing and the consumer.


QUOTE: "While no engineering college gives the degree of "Abrasive Engineer," such a profession is becoming to be recognized, due to the important part grinding and other abrasive processes are playing in present-day production methods. The fact remains that there are a large number of men who, to all Intents and purposes, are abrasive engineers. These men have made a life study of abrasive practices and their opinions are valued and favorably commented upon. Abrasive engineering can be called the practical application of abrasives to every-day production methods. The future for it is promising.-- The Abrasive Handbook, Penton Publishing, 1928."
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Modern Grindng Technology by Dr. Stuart Salmon Modern Grinding Technology reprint
Training text book used in SME certification course. Non-mathematical textbook on abrasive tools and methods. Now available in digital format or coil binding. A training textbook by Dr. Stuart Salmon, Advanced Manufacturing and Technology. Link

--A key issue with the use of CBN has been achieving a good surface finish. Here are some of the variables that affect surface finish written by Al Carius for AES Magazine in the 1990s.   Free Download
Got a question? Ask AES

Vibrations are inherently small movements that can cause periodic changes in cutting forces if they reach the grinding wheel . Vibrations can be amplified by resonance and undo efforts for precision. Either control vibrations or minimize their amplification.

Our new page describing abrasives and their uses. Link

The AES has compiled a complete set of technical papers dating back to 1962 for all technical conferences organized by AES and it's predecessor ASAM. The 2-CD set includes a complete list of presentations with links to individual papers in pdf format. Here are all major presentations on the introduction and development of products, methods and research prior to 1991. Covers conventional and superabrasives, bonded applications such as honing, metalworking fluids, abrasive blast cleaning, dressing, truing, market trends and projections and much more. A bonanza of nearly 500 technical papers for just $50! Link.

-- Papers from the 2008 meeting in Japan have been published. Link This is the eleventh volume in a series; for the full listing of ISAAT publications click here for complete list.


Beginning with the invention of key components in 1915 centerless grinding has been a fundamental tool for production of precision cylindrical parts, an invention some would label as the most important in grinding technology. Once only affordable to companies with high production, new centerless grinding Centerless Grinding Resources technical publicationsmachines today are a serious option for even small job shops. Though centerless processes are simple in design, the nearly century-long history of applications and research shows a process where precise control is complex and difficult, particularly as precision falls into sub-micron dimensions. Unfortunately the technical resources are scattered or no longer in print. To help, AES has assembled over 80 of the best resources on the subject including
  • History tracing the origins of centerless and early machines
  • Application information from out of print sources once considered standards.
  • Machine Operation booklet showing traditional machine setup and operation
  • Trade Literature showing state-of-the-art of an evolving technology with superabrasives
  • Patents listing not only the latest innovations but highlighting important techology issues.
  • Research showing significant findings that have laid the foundation for current theory and modeling software for intelligent grinding processes.

    To order online click here
    For a table of contents contact AES

    AES is a source for out-of-print publications in grinding technology authorized to provide hard or electronic copies of the following out-of-print books: Hard copies of some books are photocopies with coil binding?
  • Creep Feed Grinding by Andrew, Howes and Pearce Creep Feed Gridningy by Andrew, Howes and PearceISBN 0-8311-1167-4 . Details
  • High Efficiency Deep Grinding: Technology, Process Planning, and Economic Application by Dr-Ing. Taghi Tawakoli ISBN 0-85298-820-6. Details
  • Sunnen's Complete Cylinder Head and Engine Rebuilding Handbook by John G. Edwards ISBN -156990-273-9 .    DETAILS
    We also have used copies of a few out-of-print books including
  • Machining with Abrasives by Richard L. McKee ISBN0-442-25281-1
    For questions contact AES for out print publications

  • Historical Developments in Grinding Research A 146-page book e-book on the history of machining and grinding research illustrates extensive efforts and complexity of grinding research. This work by Eugene Merchant lists the milestones in grinding research and identifies key leaders. A must for serious students of grinding research. Free download .
    Selected issues from the Official Journal of ASAM in the Abrasive Engineering Society's archives are available. (ASAM later was renamed Abrasive Engineering Society)

    Current Selection:
    Which Impact Abrasives are Best?
    by Ted A. Arnold, Vacu*Blast Corporation. Picking the right blast media requires knowledge of grain structure, surface texture and more.
    View free electronic copy (July 1972)

    Handbook of Machining with Grinding Wheels Marinescu
    Machining with Grinding Wheels
    China Abrasives Industry Directory
    2015 China Abrasives Directory
    ISBN 978-0-9836686-0-2
    We are the source for training materials, engineering handbooks, standards, technical guides for grinding, polishing, finishing, deburring, mass finishing, creep feed, HEDG, ELID, centerlessg grinding, chatter, and much more

    --Precision Abrasive Grinding in the 21st Century
    Harry Sachsel offers commentary and advice from his 47 years of helping others in the abrasives industry. A unique publication
    machine tools,grinding wheels, dressing
    a history from 1960s

    --Principles of Modern Grinding Technology
    W.Brian Rowe authors a new book on using grinding wheels based on his four decades of experiences as researcher and industry consultant.
    Well organized, logical, complete state-of-the-art coverage.

    Burrs ConferenceBurrs-Analysis of The CIRP International Conference
    The proceedings for the final cycle of meetings by the CIRP Workgroup on Burrs. Best review of the State-of-the-art in print. Details

    Grinding Technology 2nd MalkinGRINDING TECHNOLOGY 2ND EDITION
    The expanded and updated revision of Dr. Malkin's book on theory and applications of bonded abrasives is now available. This is the best book available for engineers on the uses of grinding wheels in manufacturing. Download a brochure. Order from AES . Details

    Micro and NanomanufacturingMicrofabrication and Nanomanufacturing
    A book about basic principles as well as present and future technologies for precision machining at sub micron levels. Sections discussing abrasives include grinding with conventional and superabrasives, diamond, bond structures, and waterjet for micro and mesomachining applications. Details

    Handbook of Machining with Grinding Wheels
    Now in the second edition, here is the best technical resource of using grinding wheels. The Handbook of Machining with Grinding Wheels is a clear illustration of how grinding has changed from a finishing operation into a process that is comparable with other machining methods. Update to include the latest abrasives and methods. Grinding is not without problems. Proper methods are essential make grinding profitable or to avoid thermal damage,surface damage, chatter, wheel glazing, or rapid wheel wear.
    In this book five authors collaborate to summarize the knowledge drawn from research centers in Japan, the United States, Europe, and other countries. Showing the emphasis upon applications, the book has two sections: Basic Processes and Applications. Notable is the details of superabrasives that have largely been missing in older books. Examples of new state-of-the-art technologies include dressers and dressing techniques, coolants and coolant applications, sensors and monitoring processes, and vibration and wheel dynamics.
    Handbook of Machining with Grinding Wheels 2nd edition
    Not since Francis Farago's Abrasives Methods in the 1990s have manufacturers had access to updated resources for centerless, ID, OD and cylindrical grinding. Machine tool design now plays an important role in grinding process and the authors provide chapters on important elements of new machine tool designs and the unique aspects of centerless, ID and surface grinding methods. Illustrating how spindles play a key role in machine capabilities author discuss spindle designs and the types of products available on the market.

    Click here for more information and availability of the Handbook of Machining with Grinding Wheels 2nd edition.

    Grinding of Ceramics
    Edited by Dr. Ioan Marinescu

    Now available.
    The state-of-the-art of machining of ceramics by renowned researchers who have spent their careers studying ceramics. Includes work of Dr. Malkin on the mechanisms of grinding; Dr. John Mayer on structural strength, and Dr. Ohmori on electrolytic in process dressing (ELID) grinding, and more.
    Table of contents, notes and other details

    Blast Cleaning Technology
    The first book of its kind in two decades, this work is a thoroughly researched compilation of knowledge on material removal and surface finishing using high velocity loose abrasives. Though the uses go far beyond the needs of blast cleaning, this resources is essential for anyone concerned about the technology, capabilities and economics of blast cleaning written by a well know authority on the topic.More details
    Blast Cleaning Technology by Momber

    Mass Finishing Handbook
    A comprehensive book on the deburring using abrasives and other media by Deburring Expert LaRoux Gillespie. Drawn for 40 years of work in deburring and with assistance of key manufacturers of deburring equipment, Gillespies has produced the first comprehensive book on surface and edge finishing. Written in a style for immediate use by both experienced and beginning engineer. More details
    Mass Finishing Handbook

    Now available... Details

    ISAAT 2007 CDNow available... See Details

    notes taken from technical literature

    Chatter is on one of the most common and perplexing problems in grinding,and engineering now feel they understand many of the mechanism causing it. AES has many resources that can help to understand this complex subject. More...

    What's the effects of fluids on residual stress in a workpiece?---A research paper from the 60s offers this:
    • "For metals, at least, the workpiece apparently absorbs the surface heat so rapidly that any subsequent cooling by the fluid is of minor importance. Some research findings:
      • Stresses obtained with water solutions of rust inhibitor or miscible oils differ very little from those resulting from dry grinding.
      • Some reduction in magnitude of the peak tensile stresses is indicated by certain straight grinding oils.
      • Straight grinding oils are conducive to high compressive stresses very close to the surface.
      • The effectiveness of a grinding fluid, as far as residual stresses are concerned, depends upon its ability to reduce thermal and mechanical stresses during chip formation rather than upon its ability to carry heat away from the cutting zone after it has been generated. That is, in terms of the generally recognized functions of grinding fluids, lubrication is more important than cooling/"
    From Grinding Stresses published by GWI 1964
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    rev 3/21/16